Study Design Cohort study.
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the affects of Kinesiology tape (KT) on proprioception during a dynamic balance test and centre of pressure (CoP) in chronic ankle instability (CAI) participants. A modified version of the star-excursion balance test (mSEBT) and a single-leg stance were used.
Background Many ankle sprains develop into CAI, which results from repetitive sprains and results in residual symptoms, and self-reported feelings of instability. Ankle taping has been common practice for years, to treat and prevent ankle sprains. KT has recently become widely used and has many claimed benefits, but its effect on proprioception has limited research with mixed results.
Methods and Measures Forty participants were split evenly into groups (CAI and healthy), via inclusion/exclusion criteria based on the International Ankle Consortium statement. Participants’ true leg-length, height, and weight were taken prior to testing. Participants were then shown how to do a single-leg stance (CoP data) and four mSEBT directions (anteromedial, medial, posteromedial, and posterolateral). Participants were given three practice trials, and then performed three test trials at three measurement times: baseline, immediately post-taping, and 24 hours post-taping.
Results There were no significant differences between means (CoP or reach lengths) of groups; or between measurement times and groups. However, significant differences were found for the following mSEBT measurement times: medial (24 hours compared to both baseline (Mean dif. 1.99 cm, p<0.010) and immediately post-taping (1.85 cm, p<0.0001)), posteromedial (24 hours compared to both baseline (3.17 cm, p<0.0001) and immediately post-taping (2.31 cm, p<0.0001)), and posterolateral (24 hours compared to both baseline and (5.19 cm, p<0.0001) and immediately post-taping (3.10 cm, p<0.0001), and between immediately post-taping and baseline (2.10 cm, p<0.0001)).
Conclusion The results indicate that KT may have an effect on proprioception at the ankle for both healthy and individuals with CAI. However, future research into KT and proprioception is warranted.
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