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The authors of this systematic review1 found that foot orthoses are not effective for plantar heel pain (when compared with sham devices) and suggest ‘that clinicians should be reserved in prescribing foot orthoses in all patients with plantar heel pain’. This finding is in contrast to a similar systematic review and meta-analysis that we recently published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine that concluded foot orthoses are effective at reducing pain in those with plantar heel pain and that ‘health practitioners may consider using foot orthoses … but the reduction in pain may not be sufficient for some people’.2
The publication of these meta-analyses in the same journal, within a short time-period may create uncertainty for health practitioners regarding the effectiveness of foot orthoses for plantar heel pain. Furthermore, there may be a loss of trust by health practitioners and members of the public in the process of conducting and reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses, as reviews by different authors can arrive at contrasting findings. Therefore, it is important to provide context to the different conclusions reached in these meta-analyses in …
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