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Prevention, diagnosis and management of paediatric ACL injuries
  1. Clare L Ardern1,2,
  2. Guri Ranum Ekås3,4,5,
  3. Hege Grindem6,
  4. Håvard Moksnes4,
  5. Allen Anderson7,
  6. Franck Chotel8,
  7. Moises Cohen9,
  8. Magnus Forssblad10,
  9. Theodore J Ganley11,
  10. Julian A Feller12,13,
  11. Jón Karlsson14,
  12. Mininder S Kocher15,16,
  13. Robert F LaPrade17,18,
  14. Michael McNamee19,
  15. Bert Mandelbaum20,
  16. Lyle Micheli15,16,21,
  17. Nicholas G H Mohtadi22,
  18. Bruce Reider23,
  19. Justin P Roe24,
  20. Romain Seil25,26,
  21. Rainer Siebold27,28,
  22. Holly J Silvers-Granelli29,
  23. Torbjørn Soligard30,34,
  24. Erik Witvrouw31,
  25. Lars Engebretsen3,4,5,30
  1. 1 Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
  2. 2 School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3 Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  4. 4 Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC), Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  5. 5 Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  6. 6 Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  7. 7 Tennessee Orthopaedic Alliance, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
  8. 8 Department of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Hôpital Femme Mere Enfant, Lyon, France
  9. 9 Orthopedic Department, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  10. 10 Stockholm Sports Trauma Research Center, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
  11. 11 Department of Orthopaedics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  12. 12 OrthoSport Victoria Research Unit, Epworth Healthcare, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  13. 13 College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  14. 14 Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  15. 15 Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  16. 16 Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  17. 17 Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, Colorado, USA
  18. 18 The Steadman Clinic, Vail, Colorado, USA
  19. 19 College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
  20. 20 Santa Monica Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Group, Los Angeles, California, USA
  21. 21 The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
  22. 22 University of Calgary Sports Medicine Centre, Calgary, Canada
  23. 23 Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  24. 24 North Sydney Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  25. 25 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Luxembourg, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
  26. 26 Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
  27. 27 Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, Germany
  28. 28 HKF International Center for Hip, Knee, Foot Surgery and Sportstraumatology, ATOS Klinik, Heidelberg, Germany
  29. 29 FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Velocity Physical Therapy, Los Angeles, California, USA
  30. 30 Medical and Scientific Department, International Olympic Committee, Chateau de Vidy, Lausanne, Switzerland
  31. 31 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
  32. 34 Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Clare L Ardern, Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping 581 83, Sweden; c.ardern{at}

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.