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There are more football injury prevention reviews than randomised controlled trials. Time for more RCT action!
  1. Alessio Bricca1,
  2. Carsten B Juhl1,2,
  3. Mario Bizzini3,
  4. Thor Einar Andersen4,
  5. Kristian Thorborg5
  1. 1 Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  2. 2 Department of Occupational and Physical Therapy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  3. 3 Human Performance Lab, Schulthess Clinic, Zürich, Switzerland
  4. 4 Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  5. 5 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Orthopedic Research Center-Copenhagen (SORC-C), Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Alessio Bricca, Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, 5230, Denmark; alessio.bricca{at}

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Football is the most popular sport worldwide, and participation in football at any level is associated with numerous health benefits.1 However, participation in football at any level incurs a risk of sustaining musculoskeletal injuries.2 3 Effective injury prevention strategies are needed.

The first formal injury prevention randomised controlled trial (RCT) in football was published in 1983.4 We performed a scoping systematic review to provide an overview of the published articles on injury prevention in football.


A study protocol is available online at Although we primarily focused on RCTs, we also included systematic reviews and other studies investigating injury prevention strategies/interventions in football regardless of participant age, sex and level of participation.


Our literature search identified 3131 studies, with 98 studies being …

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  • Contributors All authors have contributed to writing this manuscript and gave their final approval of the submitted version. AB is the guarantor. All authors had full access to the data and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.