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Infographic. Impact of the Nordic hamstring and hip extension exercises on hamstring architecture and morphology: implications for injury prevention
  1. Matthew N Bourne1,2,3,
  2. David Pope4,
  3. Steven J Duhig2,5,
  4. Ryan G Timmins6,
  5. Morgan D Williams7,
  6. Aiman Al Najjar8,
  7. Graham K Kerr2,5,
  8. Anthony J Shield2,5
  1. 1 Department of Rehabilitation, Nutrition and Sport, La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia
  2. 2 Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
  3. 3 Centre of Excellence for Applied Sport Science Research, Queensland Academy of Sport, Brisbane, Australia
  4. 4 Clinical Edge, Terrigal, New South Wales, Australia
  5. 5 Faculty of Health, School of Exercise and Nutrition Science, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
  6. 6 School of Exercise Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia
  7. 7 Faculty of Life Sciences and Education, School of Health, Sport and Professional Practice, University of South Wales, Wales, UK
  8. 8 Centre for Advanced Imaging, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr David Pope, Clinical Edge, Terrigal, NSW 2260, Australia; info{at}

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Understanding the adaptations to common hamstring exercises likely provides better evidence upon which to base injury prevention and rehabilitation protocols than the popular surface electromyography and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies of activation patterns.

Approximately 80% of hamstring strain injuries involve lesions within the biceps femoris …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.