Article Text

Download PDFPDF
PT and OT Helper Golf Elbow: a mobile app user guide for getting a grip on medial epicondylalgia
  1. Caitlin George1,
  2. Crystal O Kean1,
  3. Robert Stanton1,
  4. Luke J Heales1,2
  1. 1 School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia
  2. 2 School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Luke J Heales, Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Rockhampton, QLD 4701, Australia; l.heales{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Name of the mobile application

PT and OT Helper: Golf Elbow.

Category of the mobile application

Health and fitness.


iOS V.8.0 or later; Android V.2.3 and up.


Apple iTunes $A12.99; Google Play $A10.99.

About the app

PT and OT Helper offers a number of injury-specific apps, including one targeted at golfer’s elbow (GE), a musculoskeletal condition associated with pain over the medial epicondyle.1 Consistent with other apps in the PT and OT Helper range, this user-friendly app (iOS version: 121 MB; and Android version: 95.1 MB) provides a bank of exercises designed to assist clinicians and patients in the treatment of GE. Although lacking evidence from randomised controlled trials,2 the app includes 17 different exercises, consisting of specific wrist/forearm strengthening and stretching, as well as general upper limb strengthening exercises. Some exercises require additional equipment (eg, dumbbells, TheraBand Flexbar). In addition, the number of sets and repetitions, tempo (ie, repetitions/minute), duration, and level of resistance can be customised for each exercise for either the right and/or left arm. The clinician, in collaboration with the patient, can select appropriate exercises, based on clinical examination, to create an individualised exercise programme, which can be saved within the app as a ‘routine’. Each patient is first added as a ‘user’, and various routines can be …

View Full Text


  • Contributors Our review is original and all authors contributed to the concept, design and write-up of the manuscript.

  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.