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Exercise interventions are poorly reported
Exercise is effective for the prevention and management of acute and chronic health conditions. Exercise prescription is sensible when supported by high-quality evidence of effectiveness, and it is likely that the design of an exercise programme (eg, how long a person exercises each day, the duration of a programme, the level of intensity of the exercise) influences programme effectiveness. A meta-epidemiological review of 73 systematic reviews (1216 trials) of exercises reported that only 30% of trial reports provided information required to replicate the investigated exercise programme.1
Consequences of poor reporting
This means that researchers would, in most cases, be unable to replicate and validate trial outcomes for exercise programmes that have been reported to be effective. In addition, clinicians would be unable to accurately implement treatment based on the reported intervention.1 Furthermore, when trials of exercise are pooled in a meta-analysis, pooling of studies of unknown design may lead to incorrect conclusions regarding specific exercise effects.
A logical solution …
Contributors All authors contributed to the concept and writing of the manuscript, and approved the final version.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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