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Gymnastics injury incidence during the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Olympic Games: analysis of prospectively collected surveillance data from 963 registered gymnasts during Olympic Games
  1. Pascal Edouard1,2,
  2. Kathrin Steffen3,4,
  3. Astrid Junge5,6,
  4. Michel Leglise7,
  5. Torbjørn Soligard4,
  6. Lars Engebretsen3,4,8
  1. 1 Inter‐university Laboratory of Human Movement Science, University of Lyon, University Jean Monnet, Saint Etienne, France
  2. 2 Department of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospitalof Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France
  3. 3 Department of Sports Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre, Oslo, Norway
  4. 4 Department of Medical and Scientific, International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, Switzerland
  5. 5 Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  6. 6 Swiss Concussion Centre, Schulthess clinik, Zurich, Switzerland
  7. 7 International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), Lausanne, Switzerland
  8. 8 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pascal Edouard, Department of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine unit, IRMIS, Campus Santé Innovations, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne cedex 2, France; Pascal.Edouard42{at}gmail.com

Footnotes

  • Contributors PE: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the study, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting, writing and revising of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. KS: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the study, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting, writing and revising of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. AJ: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the project, collection and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. ML: substantial contributions to the interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. TS: substantial contributions to the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. LE: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the project, collection and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding The data acquisition was funded by the International Olympic Committee, which has contributed to planning, developing and executing the injury surveillance procedure from with the Beijing Games onwards.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval The present study is a part of an injury and illness surveillance study during the Olympic Games, which was reviewed and approved by the medical research ethics committee of the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority, Norway (2011/388-4).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors PE: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the study, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting, writing and revising of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. KS: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the study, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting, writing and revising of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. AJ: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the project, collection and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. ML: substantial contributions to the interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. TS: substantial contributions to the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published. LE: substantial contributions to the conception and design of the project, collection and interpretation of data, revision of the manuscript, and final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding The data acquisition was funded by the International Olympic Committee, which has contributed to planning, developing and executing the injury surveillance procedure from with the Beijing Games onwards.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval The present study is a part of an injury and illness surveillance study during the Olympic Games, which was reviewed and approved by the medical research ethics committee of the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority, Norway (2011/388-4).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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