Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Infographic. Unravelling confusion in sports medicine and science practice: a systematic approach
  1. Clare L Ardern1,2,
  2. Gregory Dupont3,4,
  3. Franco M Impellizzeri5,
  4. Gary O’Driscoll6,
  5. Guus Reurink7,
  6. Colin Lewin6,
  7. Alan McCall3,6
  1. 1 Division of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden
  2. 2 School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3 Edinburgh Napier University, School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh, UK
  4. 4 Fédération Française de Football (FFF), Paris, France
  5. 5 Sport and Exercise Discipline Group, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  6. 6 Arsenal Football Club, Performance and Research Team, London, UK
  7. 7 The Sports Physician Group, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Clare L Ardern, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086, Australia; c.ardern{at}, clare.ardern{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

One of the challenges of working in professional sport is the constant pressure to be innovative, to adopt new strategies, techniques and technologies to gain that all important competitive advantage. Players, managers and chief executive officers feel the pressure to perform and win matches—often this manifests as a perception of needing to accumulate all those marginal gains possible and fear of missing out, that is, another team has a cryotherapy chamber, so we should too, even if it may not be effective. The medical and performance team feel pressure to provide these so-called ‘one-percenters’ that players and managers and even the Board can obsessively chase. In this process, practitioners often come up against charismatic forces hawking the next silver bullet, magic potion or black box that will claim to win games, improve performance, enhance recovery and predict injury or talent. There is also the fact that …

View Full Text


  • Contributors All authors contributed. AMC and GO’D prepared the short manuscript. Other authors agreed on the content of this short manuscript to be linked to the infographic of the main paper.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Linked Articles