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Tackling concussion in professional rugby union: a case–control study of tackle-based risk factors and recommendations for primary prevention
  1. Matthew J Cross1,2,
  2. Ross Tucker3,
  3. Martin Raftery3,
  4. Ben Hester3,
  5. Sean Williams2,
  6. Keith A Stokes2,
  7. Craig Ranson4,5,
  8. Prav Mathema5,
  9. Simon Kemp1
  1. 1 Professional Rugby Department, Rugby Football Union, Twickenham, London, UK
  2. 2 Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK
  3. 3 World Rugby, Dublin, Ireland
  4. 4 Sports Injury Research Group, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK
  5. 5 Welsh Rugby Union, Cardiff, UK
  1. Correspondence to Matthew J Cross, Professional Rugby Department, Rugby Football Union, Twickenham TW2 7BA, UK; m.cross{at}bath.ac.uk

Footnotes

  • Twitter Matt Cross @mattjcrossie

  • Contributors MJC, SK, MR and RT conceived and designed the study and coding template. BH coded all video clips for analysis, and MJC, SW and KAS analysed and interpreted the data. MJC prepared the first draft of the manuscript and then all authors made substantial contributions to the various iterations of the manuscript resulting in the final version.

  • Competing interests MJC and SK are employed by the Rugby Football Union. MR, BH and RT are employed by World Rugby. CR and PM are employed by the Welsh Rugby Union and have previously received research funding from World Rugby. SW and KAS are employed by the University of Bath and have previously received research funding from the Rugby Football Union.

  • Ethics approval Research Ethics Approval Committee for Health (REACH) at the University of Bath.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Twitter Matt Cross @mattjcrossie

  • Contributors MJC, SK, MR and RT conceived and designed the study and coding template. BH coded all video clips for analysis, and MJC, SW and KAS analysed and interpreted the data. MJC prepared the first draft of the manuscript and then all authors made substantial contributions to the various iterations of the manuscript resulting in the final version.

  • Competing interests MJC and SK are employed by the Rugby Football Union. MR, BH and RT are employed by World Rugby. CR and PM are employed by the Welsh Rugby Union and have previously received research funding from World Rugby. SW and KAS are employed by the University of Bath and have previously received research funding from the Rugby Football Union.

  • Ethics approval Research Ethics Approval Committee for Health (REACH) at the University of Bath.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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