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Infographic. The effects of frequency, intensity, duration and volume of walking interventions on CVD risk factors: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomised controlled trials among inactive healthy adults
  1. Pekka Oja1,
  2. Chloë Williamson2,
  3. Paul Kelly2,
  4. Elaine M Murtagh3,
  5. Marie H Murphy4,
  6. Charlie Foster5,
  7. Sylvia Titze6
  1. 1 UKK Institute for Health Promotin Research, Tampere, Finland
  2. 2 Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  3. 3 Mary Immaculate College, Limerick, Ireland
  4. 4 School of Health Science, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK
  5. 5 Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol Centre for Exercise Nutrition and Health Sciences, Bristol, UK
  6. 6 Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pekka Oja, University of Tampere, Tampere 33100, Finland; pekka.oja{at}

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Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are a major burden worldwide.1 It has been estimated that elimination of physical inactivity would remove between 6% and 10% of the major NCDs of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers, and increase life expectancy.2 Walking is the ideal physical activity intervention to improve health across the population.3 A recent systematic review of 32 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) by Murtagh et al 4 showed that walking increases aerobic capacity and reduces blood pressure, waist circumference, body weight, per cent …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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