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Commercialised portable intravenous fluids in sports: placing vulnerable athletes at risk

Authors

  • Morteza Khodaee Department of Family Medicine & Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Bradley G Changstrom Department of Internal Medicine & Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Martin D Hoffman Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California, USA Department of Veterans Affairs, NorthernCalifornia Health Care System, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service, Sacramento, California, USA Ultra Sports Science Foundation, El Dorado Hills, California, USA PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Dr Morteza Khodaee, Department of Family Medicine & Orthopedics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver CO 80238, USA; morteza.khodaee{at}ucdenver.edu
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Citation

Khodaee M, Changstrom BG, Hoffman MD
Commercialised portable intravenous fluids in sports: placing vulnerable athletes at risk

Publication history

  • Accepted October 22, 2018
  • First published November 9, 2018.
Online issue publication 
October 11, 2022

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