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Pain relief after musculoskeletal trauma
  1. Gijs Helmerhorst
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gijs Helmerhorst, Academisch Medisch Centrum, University of Amsterdam (UvA), Amsterdam 1012 WX, The Netherlands; g.t.helmerhorst{at}

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What did I do?

I investigated the effects of opioid pain medications versus non-opioid pain medications on pain relief, satisfaction with pain relief and disability after musculoskeletal trauma. The main objectives were to: (1) evaluate the differences in pain management after extremity fractures in the Netherlands and the USA, (2) test if current analgesic prescription management in fracture patients is suitable and (3) find factors associated with continued use of opioids after surgery for musculoskeletal trauma in the USA.

Why did I do it?

There is substantial variation in the management of pain relief for patients after musculoskeletal trauma. The USA and Canada are in the midst of a crisis of opioid use, misuse, overdose and deaths related to overdose, and most musculoskeletal trauma patients are given opioids. In Europe, the number of …

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  • Funding This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Collaborators Gino Kerkhoffs, David Ring, Peter Kloen.