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Bright Spots, physical activity investments that work: Parkrun; a global initiative striving for healthier and happier communities
  1. Lindsey J Reece1,
  2. Helen Quirk2,
  3. Chrissie Wellington3,
  4. Steve J Haake4,
  5. Fiona Wilson5
  1. 1 Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  2. 2 Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK
  3. 3 Parkrun, Global Head of Health and Wellbeing, London, UK
  4. 4 Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK
  5. 5 School of Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Lindsey J Reece, Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney 2000, Australia; lindsey.reece{at}

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Programme card

  • Country

    • Starting in the UK, parkrun is now in 20 countries worldwide, including Australia and South Africa.

  • Target population

    • Parkrun is for everyone, anywhere. It is aimed at all ability levels and welcomes walkers, joggers, runners and volunteers.

  • What modes/types/domains of physical activity does the programme promote?

    • Free, weekly 2 and 5 km events in public spaces around the world promoting opportunities for everyone to walk, jog, run or volunteer.

  • Which of the seven best investments does the programme address?

    • Sport and active recreation, health, community-wide programme.

  • What sectors does it involve?

    • Parkrun adopts a whole systems, collaborative approach.

  • Estimated reach

    • To date, over 230 000 parkrun events have taken place worldwide attracting over 3 million unique parkrunners with a network of over 375 000 volunteers.

  • What is special?

    • Parkrun is the biggest running event in the world and is accessible to all. It is also one of the largest providers of volunteer opportunities in the sports and physical activity sector. Parkrun breaks down barriers to participation and challenges what it looks and means to be physically active. It is the one of the best examples of an ever-growing global movement with the potential to improve population health and well-being.

  • Key details

    • Dr Lindsey Reece - @lindseyreece28 @parkrun

    • Parkrun website #parkrun


The concept is simple; free, weekly, timed 5 km running or walking events on Saturday or Sunday mornings in local parks and open spaces. Participants register online, receive a personal barcode, which they can then take to any parkrun event anywhere in the world. Parkrun started in 2004 in Bushy park Teddington, UK with just 13 runners and 5 volunteers, and is now a rapidly growing, global community of walkers, joggers, runners and volunteers worldwide. In 2013, the junior parkrun series was launched in the UK. These are 2 k events for 4 to 14 year olds and their families held every Sunday morning. The global parkrun philosophy is to enable everyone to be active and foster a community spirit to achieve a healthier, happier population.

Global engagement and reach

There are over 240 000 weekly events worldwide across 20 countries attracting over 3 million participants and a global network of over 375 000 volunteers (see table 1). Parkrun strives on being an equitable and inclusive initiative that will remain free due to the large network of volunteers and partners who deliver the events. After 14 years, parkrun UK is well established with >135 000 events having been held at 541 different locations. In 2017, 117 000 different people volunteered at parkrun and junior parkrun events in the UK. The average parkrun completion times in the UK are getting longer each year indicating more walkers and individuals previously deemed as inactive, are joining in. In 2017, 64 888 instances of runners taking >50 min to complete a 5 km parkrun occurred—an increase of 88% compared with the previous year. What started as a community time trial, is now a global movement encouraging mass participation in physical activity with excellent public health potential.

Table 1

Parkrun global locations and estimated population reach

Innovative solutions for engaging all populations

Parkrun recognises that inequities exist in physical activity participation and are committed to seeking creative solutions to tackle these. The integration of parkrun across multidisciplinary sectors has been endorsed by the WHO, with parkrun highlighted as an exemplar initiative in the WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–20301 as an opportunity to ‘implement regular mass-participation initiatives in public spaces, engaging whole communities, to provide free access to enjoyable and affordable, socially and culturally appropriate experiences of physical activity’.

Parkrun is inclusive, welcoming people from all backgrounds and abilities. The ‘tail walker’ volunteer has responsibility for being the final finisher which ensures everyone, no matter what their speed, is supported. Parkruns are family-focused events that welcome people of all ages, and it is common to see people with strollers, children (and dogs!) in hand.

Social interaction lies at the heart of Parkrun, and the organisation prides itself on facilitating meaningful human interaction and providing the opportunity for mutual support and encouragement. Parkrun is flexible, takes place in the same venue every week and allows participants to turn up on the day without preregistration. Collectively, these features present opportunities of participation by removing the barriers of the traditional club-based membership as well as strengthening the connection of people with their local green space—a concept critical in creating active environments.1

In the UK, parkrun has been recognised by the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) as a viable option for patients as an alternative to medication (referred to as ’social prescribing'). This new partnership with RCGP involves GP practices developing closer links with their local event, becoming certified as ’parkrun practices' with clinical champions referring their patients and carers to parkrun.2

Underpinned by research

Parkrun’s mission to create a healthier and happier planet is supported by its commitment to building a strong evidence based on the role of physical activity, and parkrun, have on positive health and well-being outcomes. Parkrun undertakes research, working closely with the Advanced Well-being Research Centre (AWRC) in Sheffield (UK), who also chair the Global research board—a multidisciplinary team of practitioners and academics. In line with UK participation strategy,3 parkrun promotes participation among the least active, launching events in prisons and expanding junior parkruns in disadvantaged areas. Projects are also underway that aim to increase engagement and accessibility to parkrun by those with long-term conditions or disabilities.

Lessons learnt

Acknowledging that there is no single solution to get more people more active more often, collaboration is key. Engaging in a parkrun on a Saturday or Sunday morning is only part of the bigger picture, parkrun must continue to collaborate if we are to truly achieve population changes in physical activity and health. It is also critical to remember that the community comprises equals, with each individual playing a valuable part.4 Providing access to physical activity opportunities does not just apply to walker and runners, it applies to volunteers too. Parkrun must also continue to listen to the needs of individuals we are trying to engage and share the learning on how best to do this, if as a collective, we are to help more people become more active in a social way, that benefits their health and well-being.



  • Contributors LJR: led the writing of this article with HQ and SJH providing feedback during draft process. SJH and CW: also provided support with data access from Parkrun. FW: oversaw the process.

  • Competing interests LJR and SJH are members of the Global Parkrun Research Board. CW is also Head of Health and Wellbeing at Parkrun.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.