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ICON PART-T 2019–International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium Consensus: recommended standards for reporting participant characteristics in tendinopathy research (PART-T)
  1. Ebonie Kendra Rio1,
  2. Sean Mc Auliffe2,
  3. Irene Kuipers3,
  4. Michael Girdwood1,
  5. Hakan Alfredson4,
  6. Roald Bahr5,
  7. Jill L Cook1,
  8. Brooke Coombes6,
  9. Siu Ngor Fu7,
  10. Alison Grimaldi8,
  11. Robert-Jan de Vos9,
  12. Jeremy S Lewis10,
  13. Nicola Maffulli11,
  14. Peter Malliaras12,
  15. S P Magnusson13,
  16. Edwin H G Oei14,
  17. Craig Robert Purdam15,
  18. Jonathan D Rees16,
  19. Alex Scott17,
  20. Karin Gravare Silbernagel18,
  21. Cathy Speed19,20,
  22. Inge van den Akker-Scheek21,
  23. Bill T Vicenzino8,
  24. Adam Weir2,9,
  25. Jennifer Moriatis Wolf22,
  26. Johannes Zwerver3
  1. 1 La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2 Rehabilitation and Research Department, Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  3. 3 Department of Sport and Exercise Medicine, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  4. 4 Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
  5. 5 Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  6. 6 School Of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  7. 7 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
  8. 8 School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Queensland, Australia
  9. 9 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  10. 10 School of Health and Social Work, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
  11. 11 Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Salerno School of Medicine and Dentistry, Salerno, Italy
  12. 12 Deaprtment of Physiotherapy; School of Priamry Health Care; Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia
  13. 13 Institute of Sports Medicine Copenhagen and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Unit, Bisebjerg Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  14. 14 Department of Radiology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  15. 15 Physical Therapies, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  16. 16 Department of Rheumatology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK
  17. 17 Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  18. 18 Department of Physical Therapy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA
  19. 19 Cambridge Centre for Health and Performance, Vision Park, Histon, Cambridge, UK
  20. 20 Cambridge Lea Hospital, Cambridge, UK
  21. 21 Sports Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
  22. 22 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ebonie Kendra Rio, La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia;{at}


We aimed to establish consensus for reporting recommendations relating to participant characteristics in tendon research. A scoping literature review of tendinopathy studies (Achilles, patellar, hamstring, gluteal and elbow) was followed by an online survey and face-to-face consensus meeting with expert healthcare professionals (HCPs) at the International Scientific Tendon Symposium, Groningen 2018. We reviewed 263 papers to form statements for consensus and invited 30 HCPs from different disciplines and geographical locations; 28 completed the survey and 15 attended the meeting. There was consensus that the following data should be reported for cases and controls: sex, age, standing height, body mass, history of tendinopathy, whether imaging was used to confirm pathology, loading tests, pain location, symptom duration and severity, level of disability, comorbidities, physical activity level, recruitment source and strategies, and medication use history. Standardised reporting of participant characteristics aims to benefit patients and clinicians by guiding researchers in the conduct of their studies. We provide free resources to facilitate researchers adopting our recommendations.

  • tendon
  • tendinopathy
  • Achilles
  • tendinosis

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  • Contributors EKR, SM, BTV, AS, AW and JZ were the steering committee for this consensus statement. IK and MG assisted in literature review, collation of results and manuscript design. HA, RB, JLC, BC, SNF, AG, R-JdV, JSL, NM, PM, SPM, EHGO, CRP, JDR, KGS, CS, IvdA-S and JMW, were all expert healthcare professionals involved in design of the consensus and all reviewed the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.