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Infographic. New Zealand rugby’s community concussion initiative: keeping kiwi communities RugbySmart
  1. Danielle Salmon1,
  2. John Sullivan2,
  3. Janelle Romanchuk1,
  4. Ian Murphy1,
  5. Simon Walters3,
  6. Chris Whatman3,
  7. Amanda Clacy4,
  8. Sierra Keung3,
  9. Klazina Van Der Vis5
  1. 1 Health Safety and Welfare, New Zealand Rugby Union, Wellington, New Zealand
  2. 2 Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
  3. 3 Sport Performance Research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland, New Zealand
  4. 4 Sunshine Coast Mind and Neuroscience – Thompson Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast, Birtinya, Sunshine Coast, Australia
  5. 5 School of Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to Dr Danielle Salmon, New Zealand Rugby Union, Wellington 6140, New Zealand; danielle.salmon{at}

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Rugby union (rugby) is a popular full-contact team sport played by 8.5 million individuals in 121 countries across the globe ( In New Zealand (NZ), rugby is played by 157 218 individuals and engages all genders, ethnicities and socioeconomic diversities throughout the population. A key focus of both the international governing body of rugby (World Rugby) and NZ rugby (NZR) is the improvement of player welfare around common injuries such as concussion. Informed by the guidelines developed following the 2016 Berlin Concussion Consensus,1 World Rugby has developed policies and education programmes to standardise concussion management and promote …

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  • Contributors DS, JR and KV were involved in the initial concept and design of the infograph. DS and JS were involved in the initial draft of the supporting text. All authors were involved in the revising and critical analysis of the infograph.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.