Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Is injury associated with team performance in elite Australian football? 20 years of player injury and team performance data that include measures of individual player value
  1. Daniel Tyler Hoffman1,
  2. Dan Brian Dwyer1,
  3. Steven J Bowe2,
  4. Patrick Clifton3,
  5. Paul B Gastin1,4
  1. 1 Centre for Sport Research, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2 Biostatistics Unit, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia
  3. 3 Football Operations, Australian Football League, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  4. 4 La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Daniel Tyler Hoffman, Centre for Sport Research, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia; d.hoffman{at}


Objectives To determine whether specific injury measures were associated with team performance in the Australian Football League (AFL).

Methods 15 289 injuries caused players from 18 teams to miss 51 331 matches between 1997 and 2016. Data were aggregated to the team level. We analysed the associations among injury measures and team performance (reaching finals/playoffs and specific ladder/table position). Injury measures per team included: injury incidence, injury severity, injury burden, player match availability and percentage of the full player roster injured. We also weighted injury measures by five measures of player value.

Results AFL teams’ injury burden and player match availability were associated with final table position (r2=0.03, p<0.05). Player value weighted injury burden was different between finalists and non-finalists (mean difference=−8, p<0.001) and explained 12% of the variation in the table position of teams (p<0.001). For a team, nine missed matches due to injury (burden weighted by a best and fairest player rating system) was associated with one lower table position. Player match availability weighted by player value was higher for finalists than non-finalists (mean difference=1.7, p<0.01) and explained 7% of the variation in the table position of teams (p<0.001).

Discussion and potential implications The impact of injury (burden weighted by best and fairest) explained up to 12% of the variation in final table position—this is particularly relevant to making/not making playoffs as well as home ground/travel advantages for those teams that make the one-game format of AFL playoffs (not home-away or best of seven format).

  • success
  • competition
  • time-loss
  • epidemiology
  • surveillance

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it published Online First. Table 1 has been updated.

  • Contributors DTH, PBG and DBD contributed to the study concept and design. DTH and PC acquired the data. DTH, DBD and SJB contributed to the statistical analysis. DTH, PBG, DBD and SJB contributed to the interpretation of the data. DTH wrote the first full draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to the drafting and final approval of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement No data are available.