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Infographic. Roadmap to managing a person with musculoskeletal pain irrespective of body region
  1. J P Caneiro1,2,
  2. Ewa M Roos3,
  3. Christian J Barton4,5,
  4. Kieran O'Sullivan6,7,
  5. Peter Kent1,
  6. Ivan Lin8,
  7. Peter Choong5,
  8. Kay M Crossley4,
  9. Jan Hartvigsen3,
  10. Anne J Smith1,
  11. Kevin Wernli1,2,
  12. Peter B O’Sullivan1,2
  1. 1 Curtin University, School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  2. 2 Body Logic Physiotherapy Clinic, Perth, Twickenham, Australia
  3. 3 University of Southern Denmark, Center for Muscle and Joint Health, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense, Denmark
  4. 4 LaTrobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  5. 5 University of Melbourne Department of Surgery, St Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  6. 6 University of Limerick, School of Allied Health, Limerick, Ireland
  7. 7 University of Limerick, Ageing Research Centre, Limerick, Ireland
  8. 8 University of Western Australia, Western Australian Centre for Rural Health, Geraldton, Western Australia, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr J P Caneiro, School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, WA 6102, Australia; jp.caneiro{at}

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Persistent musculoskeletal (MSK) pain across different body regions is frequently comorbid and shares common biopsychosocial risk profiles for pain and disability.1–3 Biopsychosocial factors require consideration; these include underactivity or overactivity, poor sleep, obesity as well as poor general and psychological health. As such, there is consensus across clinical guidelines on the recommendations …

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  • Twitter @jpcaneiro, @ewa_roos, @DrChrisBarton, @kieranosull, @KWernliPhysio

  • Contributors KW developed the infographic. JPC and POS contributed and all authors approved the final version of the image. JPC and POS drafted the editorial. All authors contributed and approved the final version submitted.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests Several authors (JPC, CJB, KOS, KMC and POS) are members of the editorial board of BJSM. Four authors (JPC, POS, KOS and CJB) deliver educational workshops on patient-centred care.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.