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Persistent musculoskeletal (MSK) pain across different body regions is frequently comorbid and shares common biopsychosocial risk profiles for pain and disability.1–3 Biopsychosocial factors require consideration; these include underactivity or overactivity, poor sleep, obesity as well as poor general and psychological health. As such, there is consensus across clinical guidelines on the recommendations …
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Contributors KW developed the infographic. JPC and POS contributed and all authors approved the final version of the image. JPC and POS drafted the editorial. All authors contributed and approved the final version submitted.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests Several authors (JPC, CJB, KOS, KMC and POS) are members of the editorial board of BJSM. Four authors (JPC, POS, KOS and CJB) deliver educational workshops on patient-centred care.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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