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Injury and illness surveillance in sports: how golf, tennis, cycling and parasport extended the IOC consensus statement to tailor injury and illness surveillance to specific sports
  1. Jiri Dvorak1,
  2. Babette M Pluim2,3,4
  1. 1 Swiss Golf Medical Centre, Spine Unit, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
  2. 2 Section Sports Medicine, University of Pretoria, Faculty of Health Sciences, Pretoria, South Africa
  3. 3 AMC/VUmc IOC Research Center of Excellence, Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports (ACHSS), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  4. 4 Medical Dept, Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association (KNLTB), Amstelveen, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Professor Babette M Pluim, Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association, Amstelveen, The Netherlands; b.pluim{at}

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For a sport to develop a meaningful injury prevention strategy, sound epidemiological data are crucial. This, in turn, needs to be based on the analysis of known risk factors involved in the sport so that mitigation strategies can be introduced by modifying the rules and laws if necessary. The key objective for medical advisors in sports is to reduce morbidity and to promote the sport as a health-enhancing leisure activity.1 In this editorial, we aimed to motivate other international sport federations to take similar action.

Insufficient physical activity greatly increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, and physical inactivity is one of the biggest public health threats of the 21st century.2

Despite the incontrovertible evidence of the health benefits of physical activity, a WHO survey of 1.6 million participants in 146 countries revealed that 81% of children and adolescents aged 11–17 years participated in insufficient physical activity.3 In a climate dominated by COVID-19, obesity is clearly linked to poor outcome, along …

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  • Twitter @ProfJiriDvorak, @docpluim

  • Contributors JD drafted the initial version of this article and BMP modified the subsequent versions. Both authors approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests BMP is a member of the Sport Science and Medicine Commission of the International Tennis Federation and chief medical adviser of the Royal Dutch Lawn Tennis Association.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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