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283 Sports injury prevention programs: awareness, implementation and opinion of physical therapists worldwide
  1. Wesam Saleh A Al Attar1,2,3,
  2. Sameer A Yamani1,
  3. Eyad S Alharbi1,
  4. Majed M Aljabri1,
  5. Hussain Saleh H Ghulam4,
  6. Saud Alarifi5,
  7. Ross H Sanders3
  1. 1Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  2. 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  3. 3Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  4. 4Department of Rehabilitation Medical Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia
  5. 5Department of Physical Therapy, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Background Injury prevention programs have been shown to prevent and reduce injuries in different sports. Awareness for such programs is crucial, however, implementation and adoption of injury prevention programs in team sports is a multifaceted and complex process.

Objective To assess physical therapists’ awareness, implementation, and opinion of sports injury prevention programs, from an international perspective.

Design A cross-sectional study.

Setting Online survey.

Patients (or Participants) A total of 484 male (44.4%) and female (55.6%) physical therapists participated in the study.

Interventions (or Assessment of Risk Factors) The questionnaire consisted of questions covering the awareness, implementation, and physical therapists’ opinion of different injury prevention program such as: (The FIFA 11 +, 11+ Kids, 11+ Referees, 11+ Goalkeepers, GAA15, PEP, KIPP, Boksmart Rugby, Knäkontroll, iSPRINT and ACC SportSmart injury prevention programs).

Main Outcome Measurements The study primary outcomes were awareness level, implementation rate, and opinion of the effectiveness of the sports injury prevention programs.

Results A total of 287 (59.3%) of the participants were aware of the current sports injury prevention programs, 177 (36.6%) were implementing sports injury prevention programs in their current practice. Participants who implemented the sports injury prevention programs reported a positive opinion about the program efficacy, with a score of 7.3±2.1 out of 10.

Conclusions In order to increase the awareness and implementation of sports injury prevention program, further work needs to be done to educate physical therapists about the importance of implementing sports injury prevention programs and the effectiveness in preventing injuries.

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