Background Soccer goalkeepers are more likely than outfield players to injure their upper extremity. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)11+ Shoulder injury prevention program (FIFA 11+S) was developed to prevent upper extremity injuries.
Objective To assess soccer goalkeepers and goalkeepers’ coaches’ awareness, implementation, and opinion about the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program.
Design Cross-sectional study.
Setting An online survey for all continental football federations.
Patients (or Participants) A total of 722 goalkeepers and goalkeepers’ coaches completed the survey.
Interventions (or Assessment of Risk Factors) The questionnaire consisted of questions covering the awareness, implementation, and goalkeepers and goalkeepers’ coaches’ opinion of the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program. Questions development was guided by several authors expert in sport medicine and injury prevention programs.
Main Outcome Measurements The primary outcomes were awareness level, implementation rate, and opinion of the effectiveness of the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program in reducing upper extremity injuries.
Results The vast majority (97.60%) of the participants were goalkeepers. A total of 204 (28.25%) of the participants were aware of the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program, 155 (21.46%) were implementing the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program in their current practice. Participants who implemented the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program reported a positive opinion about the program efficacy, with a score of 8.19±0.93 out of 10.
Conclusions The awareness level was low, but the implementation rate among aware participants was acceptable. Goalkeepers and coaches reported a positive score regarding the effectiveness of the FIFA 11+S injury prevention program in reducing upper extremity injuries.
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