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320 Sport-Related Concussion awareness and knowledge among worldwide sports physical therapists
  1. Wesam Saleh A Al Attar1,2,3,
  2. Amir A El Fiky1,
  3. Mashaer Alyami4,
  4. Ehdaa H Khaledi1,
  5. Ahmed Qasem1,
  6. Fahad M Alkabkabi1,
  7. Nasser G Alshamrani1,
  8. Raed S Almalki1,
  9. Amirah M Akkam1,
  10. Ross H Sanders3
  1. 1Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Applied Medical Science, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  2. 2Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  3. 3Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
  4. 4King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia


Background Sport-related concussions (SRC) have gained more attention in the recent years due to its detrimental short-term and long-term effects on the players.

Objective To assess the awareness and knowledge of SRC among sports physical therapists.

Design A cross-sectional study.

Setting An online survey.

Patients (or Participants) A total of 517 sports physical therapists completed the survey.

Interventions (or Assessment of Risk Factors) The survey consisted of multiple-choice questions related to the knowledge of physical therapy in managing SRC patients, case identification, and preventive measures was distributed to sports physical therapists. The questions of the survey were developed using instructions published by the University of Michigan School of Kinesiology Concussion Center (Ann Arbor, MI, USA).

Main Outcome Measurements SRC awareness levels and knowledge among sports physical therapists.

Results The survey scores ranged from 40% to 100%, with an average score of 62.7%. The highest educational qualification (46%) recorded among the respondents was a master’s degree. There was a difference in the score based on participant qualifications (Welch’s F (2, 308.3) = 15.3, p < 0.001). Pairwise comparisons revealed that participants with a doctoral/fellowship degree (62.1±18.5) or a masters’ degree (62.7±18.5) obtained greater scores than participants holding a bachelors’ degree (56.7±13.8) (p > 0.001). Additionally, there was no difference in the score between participants with a doctoral/fellowship degree or a masters’ degrees (p = 0.073). Furthermore, there was no difference in the survey score based on participants’ region (Welch’s F (4, 143.3) = 0.08, p = 0.988).

Conclusions The results suggested that a great number of sports physical therapists around the world are aware of current standards and guidelines regarding SRC assessment and management. However, the greatest difference was attributed to higher educational qualification, which denotes its significance recognizing and managing SRC.

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