Article Text

Download PDFPDF

200 Relationship between pole vault biomechanics and previous injuries
  1. Pascal Edouard1,2,3,4,5,
  2. Hervé Sanchez6,
  3. Cyprien Bourrilhon3,
  4. Sébastien Homo6,
  5. Julien Frère7,8,
  6. Johan Cassirame9,10
  1. 1Inter-university Laboratory of Human Movement Science (LIBM EA 7424), University of Lyon, University Jean Monnet,, Saint-Etienne, France
  2. 2Department of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Unit, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Faculty of Medicine, Saint-Etienne, France
  3. 3Medical Commission, French Athletics Federation (FFA), Paris, France
  4. 4Swiss Olympic Medical center, Centre de médecine du sport, Division de médecine physique et réadaptation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland
  5. 5European Athletics Medical and Anti Doping Commission, European Athletics Association (EAA), Lausanne, Switzerland
  6. 6French Athletics Federation (FFA), FIR division, Paris, France
  7. 7Université de Lorraine, Faculty of Medicine, Laboratory « Développement, Adaptation et Handicap » (EA 3450), Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France
  8. 8Université de Lorraine, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Villers-lès-Nancy, France
  9. 9EA 4660, Culture, Sport, Health and Society Department and Exercise Performance, Health, Innovation platform, University of Bourgogne France Comté, Besançon, France
  10. 10EA 7507, Laboratoire Performance, Santé, Métrologie, Société,, Reims, France


Background During pole vault, a high level of energy is transferred from horizontal speed of athlete to the pole. Several ways of performing the pole vault exist, and could be associated with specific injury risk.

Objective To analyse the potential association between the biomechanical patterns of pole vault and the history of injuries.

Design Retrospective study.

Setting National elite indoor championship and youth national indoor championship (U17 and U20) of pole vault (athletics)

Participants 62 (70.5% of the eligible population participating in the championships) healthy national level male and female pole vaulters.

Main Outcome Measurements We prospectively collected the pole vault biomechanical data of the run-up and take-off phases of the vault, and we retrospectively collected the history of injuries during the 12 preceding months through an online questionnaire.

Results A total of 62 (70.5% of those participating in the championships) pole vaulters accepted to participated in this study, and benefited from pole vault biomechanical and injury data collection. 77.4% reported having presented at least one injury during the 12 preceding months. Higher mean training duration per week and some parameters of the final run-up (higher speed, higher contact time) and take-off (lower height at impulse) phases of the pole vault were significantly associated with history of all injuries.

Conclusions Although the design of the present study do not allow to determine the cause-consequence relationships regarding the biomechanical patterns and the injury occurrence, this study presents some interesting findings supporting the hypothesis of a relationship between the biomechanics pole vault pattern and the injury risk, which can be helpful in injury prevention perspective.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.