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226 Injuries in youth volleyball players at a national championship competition: incidence, risk factors and mechanism of injury
  1. Kenzie Vaandering1,
  2. Derek Meeuwisse1,
  3. Kerry J MacDonald2,
  4. Paul H Eliason1,3,4,
  5. Robert F Graham1,
  6. Michaela K Chadder1,
  7. Constance M Lebrun10,
  8. Carolyn A Emery1,3,4,5,6,7,
  9. Kathryn J Schneider1,3,4,8,9
  1. 1Sport Injury Research Prevention Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  2. 2Volleyball Canada, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  3. 3Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  4. 4Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  5. 5O’Brien Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  6. 6Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  7. 7Community Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine, Calgary, AB, Canada
  8. 8Sport Medicine Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  9. 9Evidence Sport and Spine, Calgary, AB, Canada
  10. 10Glen Sather Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada


Background Sport-related injuries present a substantial burden in youth sport. Injury surveillance data in youth volleyball is scarce. Understanding injury and concussion burden can inform prevention strategies.

Objective To evaluate injury incidence rates, types, mechanism, and potential risk factors in youth volleyball.

Design Prospective cohort study.

Setting 2018 Canadian Youth National Volleyball Tournament.

Participants All tournament players were invited to participate (9616 players). 1876 players [466 males, 1391 females, mean age 16.2 years (1.26)] consented to participate (19.5%).

Assessment of Risk Factors Sex (male/female), age group (U14, U16, U18), level of play [elite (top 30%) vs. non-elite].

Main Outcome Measures Players completed a questionnaire (demographic information, injury, and concussion history). All medical attention injuries were recorded by tournament medical personnel via injury report form (e.g., mechanism, type). Injury was defined as any physical complaint seeking onsite medical attention. Concussion was defined using the 5th International Consensus Conference on Concussion in Sport. Exploratory multivariable Poisson regression was used to analyze potential risk factors (sex, age group, level of play) for injury, adjusted for cluster by team and offset by athlete-exposures (AEs).

Results Of the 105 total injuries [6.15 injuries/1000 AEs (95% CI: 5.01 to 7.47)], concussion was the most common (n=28; 26.2%), followed by knee (n=16; 15.0%) and ankle injuries (n=15; 14.0%). Most concussions occurred due to ball-to-head contact (61.5%) and were unanticipated (84.6%). There was no difference in injury risk by sex (IRRF/M: 1.40; 95% CI: 0.73 to 2.66). Players in U18 had significantly lower rates of injury, compared to U16 and U14 (IRRU16: 2.44; 95% CI: 1.22 to 4.87; IRRU14: 3.58; 95% CI: 1.60 to 8.02).

Conclusion Players in U18 had the lowest injury rates. More research is needed to elucidate why younger age groups reported more injuries and develop volleyball specific injury and concussion prevention strategies.

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