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Infographic. Exercise-based prevention programmes for non-contact musculoskeletal injuries in football (soccer)
  1. Italo Ribeiro Lemes1,
  2. Thales R Souza1,2,
  3. Danilo De Oliveira Silva3,
  4. Vitor N Lage2,
  5. Bárbara A B Roch2,
  6. Evert Verhagen4,
  7. Caroline Bolling4,
  8. Cecilia Ferreira Aquino5,6,
  9. Sérgio T Fonseca1,2,
  10. Rafael Zambelli Pinto1,2
  1. 1 Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  2. 2 Physical Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  3. 3 La Trobe Sport and Medicine Research Centre (LASEM), La Trobe University, Bundoora / Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  4. 4 Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports, Department of Public and Occupational Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  5. 5 Physical Therapy, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano, Divinópolis, Brazil
  6. 6 Physical Therapy, Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais (UEMG), Divinópolis, Brazil
  1. Correspondence to Dr Italo Ribeiro Lemes, Graduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; itolemes{at}

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There are ~250 million people worldwide playing football (soccer). Despite the health benefits of playing sports, there is an inherent risk of sustaining injuries. Non-contact musculoskeletal injuries account for up to 66% of all muscle and joint/ligament injuries in football.1 Identifying effective strategies to reduce the occurrence of non-contact injuries in football is crucial for athletes and their teams. Previous reviews suggest that exercise-based prevention programmes reduce the risk of overall injuries by 22%–25% among women and recreational football players.2 3 However, there was no study summarising the effects of …

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  • Twitter @itolemes, @ThalesRSouza, @DrDanilo_Silva, @Evertverhagen, @cs_bolling, @Rafael_Z_Pinto

  • Contributors IRL wrote the first draft of the manuscript and designed the first draft of the infographic. All the authors contributed to revise the final manuscript and infographic.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.