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Call for open science in sports medicine
  1. Garrett S Bullock1,2,
  2. Patrick Ward3,
  3. Scott Peters4,
  4. Amelia Joanna Hanford Arundale5,6,
  5. Andrew Murray7,8,
  6. Franco M Impellizzeri9,
  7. Stefan Kluzek2,10
  1. 1 Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2 Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis Research Versus Arthritis, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  3. 3 Seattle Seahawks, Renton, Washington, USA
  4. 4 Toronto Blue Jays Baseball Club, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  5. 5 Red Bull Athlete Performance Center, Thalgua, Austria
  6. 6 Icahn School of Medicine, Mount Sinai Health System, New York, New York, USA
  7. 7 Sport and Exercise, University of Edinburgh Institute for Sport Physical Education and Health Sciences, Edinburgh, UK
  8. 8 European Tour Health and Performance Institute, DP World Golf Tour, Stirling, Scotland, UK
  9. 9 School of Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation, University of Technology Sydney, Broadway, New South Wales, Australia
  10. 10 Sports Medicine Research Department, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Garrett S Bullock, Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA; garrettbullock{at}

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A need for greater international collaboration and transparency

Advances in science, and how it is performed, has evolved in recent decades. Science has moved from individualistic approaches, to a worldwide integrated process. This has been optimistically termed a ‘global college,’ with international collaboration now the standard.1 Scientific advances, most noticeably in computing power and data collection, have created quantities of data that would have been previously inconceivable.2 Sports medicine care has continued to evolve, but there is further clear opportunity to improve care decisions and provide trustworthy information, for our athletes.3 Concerted efforts to create an open science environment, can leverage the resources at our disposal, helping athlete health and performance. Open science enables data to be findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable to independently assess, reproduce and perform to permit new independent research.4 This editorial aims to contextualise the value of open science, specifically sharing data publication and distribution, to sports medicine clinicians and researchers and its contribution to evaluating the quality research.

Aggregated clinical findings have added some value but further progress is needed

For decades, the medical literature has been regarded as having generally poor methods,5 leading to inadequate conclusions.5 6 Systematic review and …

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  • Twitter @DRGSBullock, @soccerPT11, @docandrewmurray

  • Contributors GSB, PW, FMI and SK conceived the study idea. GSB, PW, AJHA, FMI and SK were involved in design and planning. GSB, PW and SK wrote the first draft of the manuscript. GSB, PW, SP, AJHA, AM, FMI and SK critically revised the manuscript. GSB, PW, SP, AJHA, AM, FMI and SK approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.