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COVID-19 considerations and strategy for a safe return to international football competitions: an African perspective
  1. Maurice Douryang1,
  2. Yagaï Bouba2,
  3. Eméline Zogning Makemjio3,
  4. Andrillene Laure Deutou Wondeu3,
  5. Lervasen Pillay4,5
  1. 1 Department of Physiotherapy and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
  2. 2 Laboratory of Virology, Chantal Biya International Reference Center for Research on HIV/AIDS prevention and management (CIRCB), Yaoundé, Cameroon
  3. 3 Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Evangelic University of Cameroon, Bandjoun, Cameroon
  4. 4 Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
  5. 5 Wits Institute of Sports Health, WiSH, Health Sciences Department, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg-Braamfontein, Gauteng, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Dr Maurice Douryang, Department of Physiotherapy and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O Box 96 Dschang, Cameroon; maurice.douryang{at}

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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected many aspects of life worldwide—educational, economic, cultural, social and sporting.1 To limit the spread of COVID-19, initial containment strategies included proper mask wearing, respiratory and hand hygiene, social/physical distancing and different levels of lockdown to limit social interaction.2 While competitive sport has also been impacted by these measures, risk mitigation protocols have allowed competitions at the national, international and professional levels to resume in some countries around the world.3–5 However, additional barriers exist on the African continent to safely resume sport that may not exist elsewhere. These include cost and resource limitations to facilitate player and staff education, safe team transport, hotel and club sanitisation, regular COVID-19 PCR testing with short result turnaround times and access to vaccinations.6 7 This commentary outlines practical recommendations for a scientifically valid COVID-19 risk mitigating strategy to enhance safety for teams and spectators at African football competitions that accommodate regional challenges.

Recommendations for sports organising authorities

Design a guideline

The success of COVID-19 prevention during football competitions must involve a scientifically based risk mitigation plan that can evolve as new evidence and interventions emerge. This plan must be accepted by all stakeholders, including stadium management, National Federations, and executive committees of leagues and individual teams. A well-designed guideline on COVID-19 risk mitigation should be practical, concise and consider the following8:

  • Involvement of the occupational health and safety guidelines of each country to legally align with the host country’s regulations and reflect or exceed the requirements for the general public.

  • A specialised team to coordinate the development of protocols in each country. Ideally, this team …

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  • Contributors MD conceived the study idea of this editorial. MD, EZM, ALDW, BY and LP wrote the first draft and suggested critical revisions and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.