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Infographic. Concussion through my eyes: a qualitative study exploring concussion experiences and perceptions of male English blind footballers
  1. Richard Weiler1,2,3,
  2. Osman Hassan Ahmed4,5,6,
  3. Willem van Mechelen1,7,8,9,
  4. Evert Verhagen1,
  5. Adam Virgile10,
  6. Caroline Bolling1
  1. 1 Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, location VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2 Para Football Foundation, Arnhem, The Netherlands
  3. 3 Sport & Exercise Medicine, Fortius Clinic, London, UK
  4. 4 Physiotherapy Department, University Hospitals Dorset NHS Foundation Trust, Poole, UK
  5. 5 School of Sport, Health and Exercise Science, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
  6. 6 The Football Association, Burton-upon-Trent, UK
  7. 7 School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  8. 8 Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine (ESSM), Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  9. 9 School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  10. 10 College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Richard Weiler, Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam UMC, University Medical Centres – Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; rweiler{at}

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Para athletes play sports with a risk of sustaining head injuries and concussions,1 2 with concussion assessment of para athletes presenting additional challenges due to their impairments.3 Consequently, injury surveillance studies may not accurately reflect para concussion prevalence. Guidelines for para concussion clinical assessment and management have only recently been published.3 Our qualitative study explored English blind 5-a-side footballers’ perceptions of concussion, concussion risks and concussion prevention to improve para concussion care.4 Nine semistructured interviews were conducted with male English blind footballers underpinned by a pragmatic paradigm. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.

What did we find?

Blind footballers were unsure about the number of concussions …

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  • Twitter @osmanhahmed, @Evertverhagen, @adamvirgile

  • Contributors RW, OHA, WvM, EV and CB wrote the first draft. AV produced the infographic. All authors provided feedback and content to the final version.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.