Download PDFPDF
Effects of adding exercise to usual care in patients with either hypertension, type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease: a systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis
Compose Response

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
Author Information
First or given name, e.g. 'Peter'.
Your last, or family, name, e.g. 'MacMoody'.
Your email address, e.g.
Your role and/or occupation, e.g. 'Orthopedic Surgeon'.
Your organization or institution (if applicable), e.g. 'Royal Free Hospital'.
Statement of Competing Interests


  • A rapid response is a moderated but not peer reviewed online response to a published article in a BMJ journal; it will not receive a DOI and will not be indexed unless it is also republished as a Letter, Correspondence or as other content. Find out more about rapid responses.
  • We intend to post all responses which are approved by the Editor, within 14 days (BMJ Journals) or 24 hours (The BMJ), however timeframes cannot be guaranteed. Responses must comply with our requirements and should contribute substantially to the topic, but it is at our absolute discretion whether we publish a response, and we reserve the right to edit or remove responses before and after publication and also republish some or all in other BMJ publications, including third party local editions in other countries and languages
  • Our requirements are stated in our rapid response terms and conditions and must be read. These include ensuring that: i) you do not include any illustrative content including tables and graphs, ii) you do not include any information that includes specifics about any patients,iii) you do not include any original data, unless it has already been published in a peer reviewed journal and you have included a reference, iv) your response is lawful, not defamatory, original and accurate, v) you declare any competing interests, vi) you understand that your name and other personal details set out in our rapid response terms and conditions will be published with any responses we publish and vii) you understand that once a response is published, we may continue to publish your response and/or edit or remove it in the future.
  • By submitting this rapid response you are agreeing to our terms and conditions for rapid responses and understand that your personal data will be processed in accordance with those terms and our privacy notice.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Vertical Tabs

Other responses

Jump to comment:

  • Published on:
    Included studies?
    • Neil Heron, Sport medicine physician / clinical researcher Queen’s University Belfast / Keele University

    Dear Authors,

    Well done on putting together this paper. Massive undertaking to complete a systematic review of 950 included studies.

    I have researched the area of exercise and cardiac rehabilitation for TIA and minor stroke patients. I was therefore keen to know if you included these papers in your review as it wasn’t clear from the supplemental papers I reviewed? For example,

    Heron N, Kee F, Mant J, Reilly PM, Cupples M, Tully M, Donnelly M. Stroke Prevention Rehabilitation Intervention Trial of Exercise (SPRITE) - a randomised feasibility study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2017 Dec 12;17(1):290. doi: 10.1186/s12872-017-0717-9. PMID: 29233087; PMCID: PMC5727948.

    Heron N, Kee F, Mant J, Cupples ME, Donnelly M. Rehabilitation of patients after transient ischaemic attack or minor stroke: pilot feasibility randomised trial of a home-based prevention programme. Br J Gen Pract. 2019 Sep 26;69(687):e706-e714. doi: 10.3399/bjgp19X705509. PMID: 31501165; PMCID: PMC6733604.

    Heron N. Cardiac rehabilitation for the transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and stroke population? Using the Medical Research Council (MRC) guidelines for developing complex health service interventions to develop home-based cardiac rehabilitation for TIA and 'minor' stroke patients. Br J Sports Med. 2019 Jul;53(13):839-840. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099593. Epub 2018 Sep 4. PMID: 30181325; PMCID: PMC6585273.

    These papers show the benefit of physical activity and ex...

    Show More
    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.