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Infographic. Workload in throwing dominant sports: an infographic summary
  1. Jason L Zaremski1,
  2. Marissa Pazik2,
  3. Jennifer Duncan3,
  4. MaryBeth Horodyski2
  1. 1 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
  2. 2 Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
  3. 3 Sport and Exercise, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jason L Zaremski, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; zaremjl{at}

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Substantial interest in the concept of workload and its applications to training and injury prevention programmes is evident in the literature. The majority of the published data regarding workload surrounds lower extremity-based sports involving running activities such as track and field events as well as soccer. However, there has been an increased interest in the workload concept related to throwing and overhead sports in recent years. In particular, cricket, baseball, softball, volleyball, water polo, handball and lacrosse have been studied.1 2 Unfortunately, as a result of …

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  • Twitter @zaremjl, @JenniferDunca10

  • Contributors All authors contributed to the development of this Infographic for the 2023 AMSSM BJSM special issue.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.