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Explaining the Paradigm Shift in Fluid Replacement and Exercise Performance: Evidence from Self-Paced Protocols.
  1. Toby Mündel*
  1. Massey University, New Zealand
  1. Correspondence to: Toby Mündel, Massey University, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North, 4471, New Zealand; t.mundel{at}


Research into exercise and hydration is not new. Twenty-five years ago White and Ford 1 reported on the voluntary dehydration (hypohydration) during a competitive cycling road race; subjects’ mean body mass losses were greater than 3% and there were low rates of fluid ingestion despite fluid being freely available. It is notable that there was no relationship between fluid intake and finishing position. The BJSM published one of the first consensus statements on fluid replacement2 during and after exercise.

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