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Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) is thought to be the final pathological pathway for numerous pathologies of the shoulder and is used to describe a broad spectrum of symptoms rather than a single diagnosis.1 ,2 Physiotherapy management of SAIS most commonly involves exercise (eg, strengthening, stretching and scapular stability exercises). The goal of a physiotherapy shoulder exercise programme is to relieve pain, restore range of motion, improve strength and muscle coordination. While the use of exercise in the management of SAIS is common and widespread, little high-quality evidence supports the administration of exercise alone.3–5 The current review aimed to provide up to date evidence relevant to this question while avoiding some of the methodological limitations apparent in previous reviews.
The authors synthesised the best available evidence to determine the effectiveness of exercise in management of SAIS. A secondary aim was to provide guidelines for therapists …
Contributors ZAM and SJK selected the systematic review, interpreted the data, wrote the manuscript and are the guarantors.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.