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Infographic. The effects of frequency, intensity, duration and volume of walking interventions on CVD risk factors: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis of randomised controlled trials among inactive healthy adults
  1. Pekka Oja1,
  2. Chloë Williamson2,
  3. Paul Kelly2,
  4. Elaine M Murtagh3,
  5. Marie H Murphy4,
  6. Charlie Foster5,
  7. Sylvia Titze6
  1. 1UKK Institute for Health Promotin Research, Tampere, Finland
  2. 2Physical Activity for Health Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  3. 3Mary Immaculate College, Limerick, Ireland
  4. 4School of Health Science, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK
  5. 5Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Bristol Centre for Exercise Nutrition and Health Sciences, Bristol, UK
  6. 6Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
  1. Correspondence to Dr Pekka Oja, University of Tampere, Tampere 33100, Finland; pekka.oja{at}

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Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are a major burden worldwide.1 It has been estimated that elimination of physical inactivity would remove between 6% and 10% of the major NCDs of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and breast and colon cancers, and increase life expectancy.2 Walking is the ideal physical activity intervention to improve health across the population.3 A recent systematic review of 32 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) by Murtagh et al4 showed that walking increases aerobic capacity and reduces blood pressure, waist circumference, body weight, per cent …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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