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Infographic. Risk profile for sport-related post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis
  1. Jackie L Whittaker1,2,
  2. Ewa M Roos3
  1. 1 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  2. 2 Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, British Columbia, Canada
  3. 3 Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jackie L Whittaker, Department of Physical Therapy, 2177 Westbrook Mall, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3, Canada; jackie.whittaker{at}ubc.ca

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Despite its incontrovertible physical, psychological and social benefits, sport is a leading cause of joint injuries. In the short term, injuries may lead to missed training and competition, kinesiophobia, depression, social isolation, withdrawal from sport, reinjury and physical inactivity. In the long term, injuries are associated with obesity and reduced quality of life. Sport-related joint injuries also increase athletes’ risk of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA)1 and in doing so, contribute to the enormous and expanding societal burden of osteoarthritis. Unlike other forms of osteoarthritis, PTOA occurs at an early age and progresses more rapidly than idiopathic osteoarthritis.

Prevention of PTOA

Strategies to prevent PTOA can be …

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