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Effectiveness of multicomponent lower extremity injury prevention programmes in team-sport athletes: an umbrella review
  1. Pedro L Valenzuela1,2,
  2. Romana Brunner3,
  3. Adrián Castillo-García4,
  4. Bernd Friesenbichler3,
  5. Nicola C Casartelli3,5,
  6. Javier S Morales6,
  7. Nicola A Maffiuletti3,
  8. Mario Bizzini3,
  9. Karin Niedermann7
  1. 1Department of Systems Biology, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain
  2. 2Department of Sport and Health, Agencia Española para la Protección de la Salud en el Deporte, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3Human Performance Lab, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
  4. 4Fissac - Physiology, Health and Physical Activity, Madrid, Spain
  5. 5Laboratory of Exercise and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
  6. 6Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  7. 7Institute of Physiotherapy, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Pedro L Valenzuela, Department of Systems Biology, University of Alcalá, Madrid, Spain; pedrol.valenzuela{at}

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The incidence of sports injuries has been reported to reach ~26 and 34 injuries per 1000 persons in the USA1 and the European Union,2 respectively, with the majority of these injuries occurring in the lower extremity (eg, ankle and knee sprains, hamstring strains, ACL tears).1 Sports injuries have important negative physical, psychological and medical consequences for the athlete, as well as technical, tactical and economical consequences for the team. Moreover, sports injuries have relevant implications for healthcare systems associated with the treatment costs.3 …

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