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Physiotherapist-led treatment for young to middle-aged active adults with hip-related pain: consensus recommendations from the International Hip-related Pain Research Network, Zurich 2018
  1. Joanne L Kemp1,
  2. May Arna Risberg2,3,
  3. Andrea Mosler1,
  4. Marcie Harris-Hayes4,5,
  5. Andreas Serner6,
  6. Håvard Moksnes7,
  7. Nancy Bloom4,5,
  8. Kay M Crossley1,
  9. Boris Gojanovic8,9,
  10. Michael A Hunt10,
  11. Lasse Ishøi11,
  12. Nicolas Mathieu12,
  13. Sue Mayes1,13,
  14. Mark J Scholes1,
  15. Mo Gimpel14,
  16. Daniel Friedman15,
  17. Eva Ageberg16,
  18. Rintje Agricola17,
  19. Nicola C Casartelli18,19,
  20. Laura E Diamond20,
  21. H Paul Dijkstra21,22,
  22. Stephanie Di Stasi23,
  23. Michael Drew24,
  24. Matthew Freke25,
  25. Damian Griffin26,
  26. Joshua Heerey1,
  27. Per Hölmich11,
  28. Franco M Impellizzeri27,
  29. Denise M Jones1,
  30. Ara Kassarjian28,29,
  31. Karim M Khan30,
  32. Matthew G King1,
  33. Peter R Lawrenson31,
  34. Michael Leunig32,
  35. Cara L Lewis33,
  36. Kristian Marstrand Warholm34,
  37. Michael P Reiman35,
  38. Adam Semciw1,
  39. Kristian Thorborg11,
  40. Pim van Klij17,
  41. Tobias Wörner36,
  42. Mario Bizzini37
  1. 1La Trobe Sports Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  2. 2Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway
  3. 3Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  4. 4Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
  5. 5Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
  6. 6Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  7. 7Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center, Oslo, Norway
  8. 8Swiss Olympic Medical Center, Hopital de la Tour, Meyrin, Geneva, Switzerland
  9. 9SportAdo consultation, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV) Multidisciplinary Unit of Adolescent Health, Lausanne, Switzerland
  10. 10Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  11. 11Sports Orthopaedic Research Center-Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre, Denmark
  12. 12Physiotherapy, HES-SO Valais, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Leukerbad, Valais, Switzerland
  13. 13The Australian Ballet, Southbank, Victoria, Australia
  14. 14Performance Science, Southampton Football Club, Southampton, Hampshire, UK
  15. 15Monash School of Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  16. 16Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  17. 17Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  18. 18Human Performance Lab, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
  19. 19Laboratory of Exercise and Health, ETH Zurich, Schwerzenbach, Switzerland
  20. 20Griffith Centre of Biomedical and Rehabilitation Engineering (GCORE, Menzies Health Institute Queensland Griffith University, School of Allied Health Sciences, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
  21. 21Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK
  22. 22Aspetar Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
  23. 23Division of Physical Therapy, The Ohio State Univesity, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  24. 24University of Canberra Research into Sport and Exercise (UCRISE), University of Canberra, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  25. 25School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  26. 26Warwick Orthopaedics, University of Warwick, Coventry, Warwick, UK
  27. 27Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  28. 28Musculoskeletal Radiology, Corades, LLC, Brookline, Massachusetts, USA
  29. 29Musculoskeletal Radiology, Elite Sports Imaging, SL, Madrid, Spain
  30. 30Family Practice & Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  31. 31School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  32. 32Department of Orthopaedics, Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland
  33. 33Physical Therapy & Athletic Training, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  34. 34Divisionof Ortopeadic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
  35. 35Orthopedic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
  36. 36Department of Health Sciences, Lunds University, Lund, Sweden
  37. 37Schulthess Clinic Human Performance Lab, Zurich, Switzerland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Joanne L Kemp, La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; j.kemp{at}


The 1st International Hip-related Pain Research Network meeting discussed four prioritised themes concerning hip-related pain in young to middle-aged adults: (1) diagnosis and classification of hip-related pain; (2) patient-reported outcome measures for hip-related pain; (3) measurement of physical capacity for hip-related pain; (4) physiotherapist-led treatment for hip-related pain. Thirty-eight expert researchers and clinicians working in the field of hip-related pain attended the meeting. This manuscript relates to the theme of physiotherapist-led treatments for hip-related pain. A systematic review on the efficacy of physiotherapist-led interventions for hip-related pain (published separately) was conducted and found that strong evidence for physiotherapist-led treatments was lacking. Prior to the meeting, draft consensus recommendations for consideration in the meeting were also developed based on the systematic review. The draft consensus recommendations were presented to all of the meeting participants via email, at least 1 week prior to the meeting. At the meeting, these recommendations were discussed, revised and voted on. Six recommendations for clinical practice and five recommendations for research were included and all gained consensus. Recommendations for clinical practice were that (i) Exercise-based treatments are recommended for people with hip-related pain. (ii) Exercise-based treatment should be at least 3 months duration. (iii) Physiotherapist-led rehabilitation after hip surgery should be undertaken. (iv) Patient-reported outcome measures, measures of physical impairment and measures of psychosocial factors should be used to monitor response to treatment. (v) Physical activity (that may include sport) is recommended for people with hip-related pain. (vi) Clinicians should discuss patient expectations, use shared-decision making and provide education. Recommendations for research were (i) Reporting of exercise programmes: Exercise descriptors such as load magnitude, number of repetitions and sets, duration of whole programme, duration of contractile element of exercise, duration of one repetition, time under tension, rest between repetitions, range of motion through which the exercise is performed, and rest between exercise sessions should be reported. (ii) Research should investigate the optimal frequency, intensity, time, type, volume and progression of exercise therapy. (iii) Research should examine the effect of patient education in people with hip-related pain. (iv) Research should investigate the effect of other treatments used in people with hip-related pain (for example: manual therapy, medications, injections). (v) Research should examine the impact of comorbidities and social determinants on treatment effectiveness in people with hip-related pain. Clinicians and researchers working with young to middle-aged active adults with hip-related pain may use these consensus recommendations to guide, develop, test and implement individualised, evidence-based physiotherapist-led rehabilitation programmes.

  • hip
  • physiotherapy
  • consensus statement
  • exercise
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  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it published Online First. The author affiliations have been updated.

  • Contributors The concept was developed by JK, AM, KMC, KMK, CLL and MB. All authors contributed to the material presented and approved the final version of the manuscript.

  • Funding Dr Kemp is supported by an NHMRC (Australia) ECF 1119971.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available on request

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