Sports ultrasound is commonly used by sports medicine physicians to enhance diagnostic and procedural accuracy. This expert consensus statement serves as an update to the 2015 American Medical Society for Sports Medicine recommended sports ultrasound curriculum for sports medicine fellowships. Although written in the context of the American sports medicine fellowship training model, we present a stepwise progression in both diagnostic and interventional sports ultrasound that may be applicable to the broader sports medicine community. The curriculum is divided into 12 units with each unit including didactic instructional sessions, practical hands-on instruction, independent scanning practice sessions and mentored clinical experience. To assist with prioritisation of learning, we have organised relevant pathology and procedures as essential, desirable and optional. The expanded content can serve as an outline for continuing education postfellowship or for any physician to further advance their sports ultrasound knowledge and skill. We also provide updated scanning protocols, sample milestones and a sample objective structured clinical examination to aid fellowships with implementation of the curriculum and ongoing assessment of fellow progress.
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Presented at This article is being simultaneously published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine and Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.
Contributors All authors were involved in the conception of the work, acquisition and interpretation of data, drafting and revising of the work and final approval of the submitted version.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests MMH reports personal fees from Tenex Health, personal fees from Sonex Health, other from UpToDate, Inc, outside the submitted work. JTF reports other from DEMOS Publishing, other from up to date, personal fees from COVR Medical, personal fees from Sanofi, personal fees from Aim Specialty Health, outside the submitted work. KM reports personal fees from McGraw Hill, personal fees from Elsevier, other from Tenex, outside the submitted work. JS reports other from Sonex Health, other from Tenex Health, outside the submitted work.
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