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American Medical Society for Sports Medicine sports ultrasound curriculum for sports medicine fellowships
  1. Mederic M Hall1,
  2. David Bernhardt2,
  3. Jonathan T Finnoff3,4,
  4. Douglas Hoffman5,
  5. Melody Hrubes6,
  6. Kenneth Mautner7,
  7. Ashwin Rao8,
  8. Jeremiah Wayne Ray9,
  9. Jay Smith3,
  10. Anna Waterbrook10
  1. 1Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
  2. 2Pediatrics, Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
  3. 3Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
  4. 4United States Olympic and Paralympic Committee, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
  5. 5Orthopedics and Radiology, Essentia Health, Duluth, Minnesota, USA
  6. 6Rothman Orthopaedic Institute, New York, New York, USA
  7. 7Orthopedics and Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  8. 8Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  9. 9Emergency Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, USA
  10. 10Emergency Medicine, The University of Arizona College of Medicine Tucson, Tucson, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Mederic M Hall, Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, The University of Iowa Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; mederic-hall{at}


Sports ultrasound is commonly used by sports medicine physicians to enhance diagnostic and procedural accuracy. This expert consensus statement serves as an update to the 2015 American Medical Society for Sports Medicine recommended sports ultrasound curriculum for sports medicine fellowships. Although written in the context of the American sports medicine fellowship training model, we present a stepwise progression in both diagnostic and interventional sports ultrasound that may be applicable to the broader sports medicine community. The curriculum is divided into 12 units with each unit including didactic instructional sessions, practical hands-on instruction, independent scanning practice sessions and mentored clinical experience. To assist with prioritisation of learning, we have organised relevant pathology and procedures as essential, desirable and optional. The expanded content can serve as an outline for continuing education postfellowship or for any physician to further advance their sports ultrasound knowledge and skill. We also provide updated scanning protocols, sample milestones and a sample objective structured clinical examination to aid fellowships with implementation of the curriculum and ongoing assessment of fellow progress.

  • sports
  • ultrasound

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  • Presented at This article is being simultaneously published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine and Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

  • Contributors All authors were involved in the conception of the work, acquisition and interpretation of data, drafting and revising of the work and final approval of the submitted version.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests MMH reports personal fees from Tenex Health, personal fees from Sonex Health, other from UpToDate, Inc, outside the submitted work. JTF reports other from DEMOS Publishing, other from up to date, personal fees from COVR Medical, personal fees from Sanofi, personal fees from Aim Specialty Health, outside the submitted work. KM reports personal fees from McGraw Hill, personal fees from Elsevier, other from Tenex, outside the submitted work. JS reports other from Sonex Health, other from Tenex Health, outside the submitted work.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.

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