Objective Evaluate properties of outcome measures for gluteal tendinopathy.
Design Multistage scoping/systematic review.
Data sources Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, PEDro, CINAHL, SPORTDISCUS were searched (December 2021) to identify measures used to evaluate gluteal tendinopathy. Measures were mapped to the core health domains for tendinopathy. Medline, CINAHL, Embase and PubMed were searched (December 2021) for studies evaluating measurement properties of gluteal tendinopathy outcome measures captured in the initial search. Both reviews included studies that evaluated a treatment in participants with gluteal tendinopathy, diagnosed by a professional. Consensus-based-Standards for the Selection of Health Instruments methodology were followed—including bias assessment and synthesis of findings.
Results Six studies reported on the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment—Gluteal Tendinopathy (VISA-G). One study reported on the Hip Outcome Score (HOS)—activities of daily living (ADL) and Sport.
The VISA-G had moderate-quality evidence of sufficient construct validity (known group) and responsiveness (pre–post intervention), low-quality evidence of sufficient reliability, measurement error, comprehensibility and insufficient construct validity (convergent), and very low-quality evidence of sufficient comprehensiveness, relevance and responsiveness (comparison with other outcome measures).
Both the HOS(ADL) and HOS(Sport) had very low-quality evidence of sufficient reliability, relevance and insufficient construct validity and comprehensiveness. The HOS(ADL) had very low-quality evidence of sufficient comprehensibility and insufficient measurement error. The HOS(Sport) had very low quality evidence of inconsistent comprehensibility and sufficient measurement error.
Conclusion Rigorously validated outcome measures for gluteal tendinopathy are lacking. The VISA-G is the preferred available option to capture the disability associated with gluteal tendinopathy.
- Weights and Measures
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Twitter @TonyNasserPT, @AngeFearon, @Bill_Vicenzino, @ASemciw
Contributors AMN, AIS, BV, RM, AMF and AG developed the study. AMN performed the search, data extraction, data analysis, quality assessment and wrote the manuscript. TS and AMF assisted with study selection and data extraction. RM assisted with quality assessment. AIS assisted with data analysis. AG, AMF, RM, TS and BV assisted with writing and editing of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests One of the authors published the original development article of the VISA-G. This author was not involved in the quality assessment, analysis of the data or writing of results regarding this outcome.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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