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Infographic. Injury mechanisms and situational patterns of severe lower limb muscle injuries in male professional football (soccer) players: a systematic video analysis study on 103 cases
  1. Francesco Della Villa1,
  2. Bruno Massa1,
  3. Antonio Bortolami1,
  4. Gianni Nanni1,
  5. Jesus Olmo1,
  6. Adam Virgile2,
  7. Matthew Buckthorpe1,3
  1. 1Education and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, Italy
  2. 2College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA
  3. 3Faculty of Sport, Technology and Health Sciences, St Mary's University Twickenham, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Francesco Della Villa, Education and Research Department, Isokinetic Medical Group, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy; f.dellavilla{at}

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Muscle injuries are the most common type of injury in elite male football and constitute to about a third of total time loss.1 Hamstring injuries are on the rise and now account for nearly one in every four injuries.2 Most muscle injuries in football have short lay-off times (within 4 weeks), while 11% are severe (absence >28 days).1 These severe injuries are the most challenging ones to treat and are associated with a high risk of reinjury.1

A comprehensive description of the injury epidemiology and injury mechanisms and situational patterns using video analysis can support the design …

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  • Twitter @fdellavilla, @adamvirgile, @m_buckthorpe

  • Contributors FDV and MB were responsible for the conception and design of the overall study and idea for the infographic. FDV and MB wrote the supporting content for the infographic. AV produced the infographic with intellectual input from all authors.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient and public involvement statement Where available through personal networks, we liaised with the injured football players and team physicians, to support our description of the injury.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.