Table 4

Top: statistical analysis comparing the EKIN for skiers A and B in the SectionSTEEP. Bottom: statistical analysis comparing the EKIN for skiers A and B in the SectionFLAT

SkiEKIN (J/BW)ANOVAPairwise comparisons (%)
SKIREFSKIWHSKILHSKIWLSKIWLHp ValueSKIWHSKIREFSKILHSKIREFSKIWLSKIREFSKIWLHSKIREF
SectionSTEEP
 Skier A31.35±0.3031.15±0.0431.44±0.2431.65±0.3730.40±0.43.001***−3.0*
 Skier B31.08±0.1831.15±0.0431.05±0.2531.2±0.4230.08±0.55.005***−3.2*
SectionFLAT
 Skier A45.24±0.4745.47±0.6145.67±1.0146.32±0.0845.10±0.640.209
 Skier B43.30±0.9645.07±0.6144.54±0.1544.96±1.3044.70±0.730.108
  • Level of significance: *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001. Post hoc method with Tukey-Kramer correction for pairwise comparison.

  • The mean±SD of EKIN is given for each prototype and course section on the left side. The right side presents selected pairwise ANOVA comparisons of SKIWH, SKILH, SKIWL and SKIWLH with SKIREF. A difference is negative if the modified skis showed smaller EKIN mean values than when skiing on SKIREF.

  • ANOVA, analysis of variance; EKIN, kinetic energy; SectionFLAT, flat course section; SectionSTEEP, steep course section; SKIREF, reference ski.