Table 2

Risk of bias assessment criteria

APeer reviewedStudy published in peer-reviewed journalNoYes
BNumber of participants*Number of participants included in study findings<55–50>50
CPopulation definedAge, gender, sport, participation level and experience statedNoPartlyYes
DTraining or competition load describedTraining or competition undertaken during the study period is describedNoPartlyYes
EResponse set on self-report measure describedResponse set (eg, ‘right now’ or ‘in the past week including today’) is describedNoYes
  • *Arbitrary cut-offs used to distinguish between case study, single cohort and larger/multiple cohort study designs.