Table 7

Typical patterns of subjective measures to acute changes in training load and chronic training

AcuteChronicn
Increased training loadDecreased training loadOngoing training
POMS
 Total mood disturbance↓↓↑↑↑?27
  Tension?↑↑27
  Depression?-– –– –28
  Anger?↑↑?28
  Confusion– –– –– – –27
  Vigour↓↓↓↑↑?29
  Fatigue↓↓↓↑↑↑?30
  Recovery-Stress Index↓↓↑↑↑7
 Stress↓↓↑↑↑↓↓10
  General stress– –↑↑↓↓↓11
  Emotional stress– –?– –11
  Social stress– –↑↑↓↓11
  Conflicts/pressure– – –– – –↓↓↓11
  Fatigue↓↓↓↑↑↓↓11
  Lack of energy– – –– –↓↓↓11
  Physical symptoms↓↓↑↑– –11
  Injury↓↓↑↑↑?-11
  Emotional exhaustion– –– –– –11
  Disturbed breaks– – –– –– –11
 Recovery↓↓↑↑↓↓10
  Social recovery– –– – –– – –11
  Physical recovery↓↓↑↑↑↓↓11
  General well-being↓↓↑↑↑↓↓↓11
  Sleep quality– – –– –– –11
  Success– – –– – –↓↓11
  Being in shape↓↓↓↑↑↑↓↓11
  Personal accomplishment– – –– – –↓↓11
  Self-efficacy– –– –– –11
  Self-regulation– – –– – –↓↓↓11
SFMS
 Overtraining score– –4
DALDA
 Sources of stress– – –– – –4
 Symptoms of stress↓↓↓↑↑↑5
STAI
 State anxiety1
CSAI-2
 Cognitive anxiety1
 Somatic anxiety?1
 Self-confidence?1
PSS?1
MTDS
 Total score1
 All subscales0
DSC1
STPI
 Anxiety?1
 Anger1
Mood
 All subscales1
  • Typical patterns rated as improve (↑), decline (↓), conflicting findings (?), or no change (-). Three symbols indicates strong evidence, two symbols for moderate evidence and one symbol for limited evidence. Shading highlights strong (dark grey) and moderate (light grey) associations. n refers to number of contributing studies.

  • POMS, Profile of Mood States; RESTQ-S, Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes; SFMS, Societe Francaise de Medecine du Sport; DALDA, Daily Analyses of Life Demands of Athletes; CSAI-2, Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2; PSS, Perceived Stress Scale; MTDS, Multi-Component Training Distress Scale; DSC, Derogatis Symptom Checklist; STPI, State-Trait Personality Inventory.