Table 1

Summary of the assessment items that were candidates for the regression analyses, and the results

Assessment itemRetained in initial examination regression analysis?Retained in week 1 regression analysis?
Injury and patient history
Date of injury and today's date (to calculate delay in presentation)NoYes (days delay)
Sport playedIf volleyballIf football
Side injured and limb dominanceNoNo
Onset of pain—sudden or gradualNoNo
Pain local to hamstring only or referredNoNo
Injury incurred during game or trainingNoNo
Was the athlete forced to stop within 5 min?NoNo
Was the athlete able to keep running after the injury?NoNo
Could the athlete walk pain free immediately?NoNo
How many days until the athlete was able to walk pain free?NoYes
Mechanism of injury (sprinting, kick, tackle, stretch or other)NoNo
Was the injured leg weight-bearing at the time of injury?NoNo
Maximum pain at the time of injury? (0–10)NoNo
Maximum pain today (day of assessment) (0–10)YesYes
Previous history of hamstring injury to this leg or the other leg? If yes, include duration of absence from sport.If both legs had previously had a hamstring injury
History of low back pain?NoNo
History of knee injury on this leg or the other leg?NoNo
History of groin injury to this side or the other side?NoNo
History of calf injury to this side or the other side?NoNo
History of other injuries not specified above?NoNo
History of surgery?NoNo
Physical examination of current injury
How far can the athlete forward flex while standing (knee, mid shin, ankles, floor) and do they have pain limiting?NoNo
Can the athlete walk without pain and/or a limp?NoNo
Can the athlete jog without pain and/or a limp?NoNo
Is there any pain on a 2 leg half squat?NoNo
Is there any pain on a 1 leg quarter squat?NoNo
Is the pain on palpation of the injured area nil, mild, or marked?NoNo
What is the length (in cm) of pain craniocaudally on palpation?NoNo
What is the width of pain (in cm) medial-laterally on palpation?NoNo
What is the distance from the ischium (in cm) of the most proximal aspect of the patient's pain?NoNo
What is the strength (in kg) of both, the injured and uninjured leg on the ‘inner’, ‘mid’ and ‘outer’ range tests?Mid range strength expressed as a percentage of the uninjured legChange in strength for the mid range test in the first week;
inner range strength on day 1;
outer range strength as a percentage at day 7
Is there pain on any of these strength tests, if so, on which?Pain on outer range strength test at day 1If the outer range test is painless at day 7
What is the range of motion (in degrees) for: Straight Leg Raise, Passive Knee Extension in 90° hip flexion and Active Knee Extension in maximum hip flexion?Straight leg raise;
Passive knee extension range on the uninjured leg
Is there any pain on any of these tests, if so, on which?NoNo
Can the athlete perform 3 repetitions of a single leg bridge on a 1 m step painlessly? If not, how close can he get—3 repetitions on the bed with 1 leg, 3 repetitions with 2 legs, 2 legs partial movement, or only reaching the starting position?NoIf the athlete can do the single leg bridge painlessly at day 7
Isokinetic evaluation of the uninjured leg recording peak torque and angle of peak torque for knee flexion and extension at 60°/s, 300°/s concentric, and 60°/s eccentric (knee flexion only)Angle of peak torque for knee extension at 60°/sPeak torque for knee flexion at 60°/s, concentric
MRI variables: volume of oedema, craniocaudal length of oedema, medial-lateral length, tendon involvement, myofascial involvement, muscle involved, per cent involvement compared to entire muscle, distance to ischium of most proximal part of injuryNoNo
  • Where indicated, the individual assessment item was included in the equation for predicting return to play at either day 1 or day 7—that is, this item was clinically useful in predicting return to play duration, otherwise it was not. Findings which were associated with return to sports are emphasised in bold typeface.