Table 2

Overview of interventions

InterventionsNumberShort descriptionSource of effectiveness dataReferences
Exercise advice5Brief exercise advice or counselling by a GP or trained health professionalsCS, MA, OS, RCT35–37, 45, 46
Exercise on prescription4Verbal and written physical activity advice by a GP or practice nurseMA, RCT40–42, 44
Pedometers4Pedometer-based physical activity counselling with a step-related goal or walking programmeMA, RCT39, 43, 44, 47
Motivational interventions1Motivational interviews to increase physical activityPre–post intervention38
  • CS, cross-sectional population surveys; GP, general practitioner; MA, meta-analysis of RCTs; OS, observational study; RCT, randomised controlled trial.