TableĀ 1

The three-step decision-based model for return to play presented by Matheson et al7

1. Evaluation of health status2. Evaluation of participation risk3. Decision modification
Patient demographicsType of sport (ie, collision)Timing and season
SymptomsPosition playedPressure from athlete
Personal medical historyLimb dominanceExternal pressure (coach, etc)
Physical examinationCompetitive levelMasking the injury
Laboratory testsAbility to protectConflict of interest
Functional testsFear of litigation
Psychological state
Potential seriousness