Table 3

Results of the base case cost-effectiveness analysis using full-analysis set principle

Early ACL reconstruction (n=61)Delayed optional ACL reconstruction (n=59)Difference (BBC 95% CI)
Discounted QALYs3.963.830.13 (−0.03 to 0.29)
Discounted costs (SEK)235 728193 39842 330 (−21 288 to 106 528)
 Main operation costs*54 47938 825
  Cruciate ligament operation (NGE41)34 43816 419
  Meniscus operation (NGD)283711 843
Other knee- and leg-related operations (NGE 11, NGA, NGF, NGH, NGK, NGM, NGR, NGT, NGU, TNG, QD)78124630
  Other operations (not knee and leg-related)9 925933
 Inpatient/outpatient visits costs69 12868 753
  Physician contact18 97818 636
  Physiotherapist contact†43 53641 497
  Nurse contact20381627
  Other health care contact45766993
 Medication costs817455
 Productivity losses111 30485 365
INMB (SEK) for a WTP of SEK 500 00023 399 (−88 980 to 133 141)
  • *This includes inpatient health services during surgery.

  • †Includes rehabilitation visits.

  • BBC 95% CI, bootstrap bias-corrected 95% CI; INMB, incremental net monetary benefit; QALY, quality-adjusted life years; WTP, willingness to pay.