Table 7

Transverse plane knee moments

Author, yearACLR cohortTime post-ACLRComparatorStandardised mean difference (95%CI)
ACLR vs healthy controls
Peak internal rotation moment
6 to <12MKarimi et al, 2013300.23±0.19 Nm/kg6 M0.17±0.09 Nm/kg0.39 (−0.33 to 1.12)
1 to <3YZabala et al, 2013320.97±0.24 Nm/(%kg m)26 (22–36) M1.01±0.24 Nm/(%kg m)−0.17 (−0.58 to 0.25)
Peak external rotation moment
6 to <12MKarimi et al, 2013300.13±0.06 Nm/kg6 M0.13±0.06 Nm/kg0.00 (−0.72 to 0.72)
1 to <3YZabala et al, 2013320.17±0.11 Nm/(%kg m)26 (22–36) M0.24±0.10 Nm/(%kg m)−0.66 (−1.09 to −0.24)
Bulgheroni et al, 19975816.1 Nm/(%kg m)17±5 M6.7 Nm/(%kg m)Not reported
ACLR vs contralateral knee
Peak internal rotation moment
6 to <12MKarimi et al, 2013300.23±0.19 Nm/kg6 M0.08±0.04 Nm/kg1.06 (0.29 to 1.83)
1 to <3YZabala et al, 2013320.97±0.24 Nm/(%kg m)26 (22–36) M1.04±0.21 Nm/(%kg m)−0.31 (−0.72 to 0.11)
Peak external rotation moment
6 to <12MKarimi et al, 2013300.13±0.06 Nm/kg6 M0.20±0.19 Nm/kg−0.07 (−0.17 to 0.03)
1 to <3YZabala et al, 2013320.17±0.11 Nm/(%kg m)26 (22–36) M0.20±0.12 Nm/(%kg m)−0.26 (−0.67 to −0.16)
  • Data are presented as mean±SD.

  • ACLR, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; kg, kilogram; m, metre; M, month; NM, Newton metre.