Table 2

Key information relating to catastrophic injury identified in consensus statements

Sport Key points relating to catastrophic events
Rugby union5 Non-fatal catastrophic injuries are defined as ‘A brain or spinal cord injury that results in permanent (>12 months) severe functional disability'. The statement noted the WHO definition of severe functional disability as ‘a loss of >50% of the capability of the structure.’ Waiting 12 months before this determination can be made may be necessary for clinical diagnosis but might be challenging for timely surveillance.
Thoroughbred horse racing6 Catastrophic injuries are noted to include paraplegia and fatalities. With these events, the horse racing recommendations for injury surveillance were to ‘note these cases separately’ with no further information on how the catastrophic events are to be specified.