Table 3

Parents’ (of junior Australian football players) preferred sources of concussion information (listed in terms of decreasing importance)*

PreferencesOrganisation or professionals who should be responsible for disseminating concussion information and resources of the preferred types
Coaches/sports trainers†Medical doctors‡Clubs/associationsLead sport body§Peak sports medicine agency¶
Seminars/training sessions
Directly from (non-medical) professionals associated
Level 1 sports trainer course**
Doctors/emergency departments
League website/code of conduct
Mass/social media
  • *Information obtained during two focus groups as reported in White et al.7

  • †In Australia, sports trainers are trained volunteers providing sports first aid and initial injury assessment at the sports sideline.

  • ‡In community sport, it is unusual to have a sports doctor attached to sports teams so this would be a/doctor with generalist medical qualifications only. In the US sporting system, this role may be filled by certified athletic trainers.

  • §In our work, this would be the Australian Football League. International equivalents would be FIFA, World Rugby Union, etc.

  • ¶In Australia, this would be Sports Medicine Australia. International equivalents are the American College of Sports Medicine, British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine, South African Sports Medicine Association, etc.

  • **In Australia, this is delivered by Sports Medicine Australia and other accredited providers.